Vietnam Facts Sheet

Geography

  • Geographic coordinates: 16 10 N, 107 50 E
  • Total area: 331,210 km2, half the size of Alaska, U.S.
  • Country size comparison to the world: 66th
  • Total land mass: 310,070 km2
  • Total water mass: 21,140 km2
  • Coastline: 3,444 km
  • Total land boundaries: 4,639km
  • Border countries: Cambodia 1,228km, China 1,281km, Laos 2,130km
  • Time: GMT +7 hours
  • Regions: 58 provinces, 5 municipalities
  • Lowest point: East Sea at 0m
  • Highest point: Mount Fansipan at 3,144m
  • Natural resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
  • Natural hazards: occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding
  • Geographical note: extending 1,650km from north to south, the country is only 50km across its narrowest point.

Population

  • Nationality Noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
  • Adjective: Vietnamese
  • Total Population: ~92 million (2015 est.)
  • Major cities - population: Hanoi (Capital) ~7 million (2015 est.); Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC or Saigon): ~8 million (2015 est.); Haiphong: ~ 1.9 million; Danang: ~ 1.1 million
  • Population comparison to the world: 14
  • Population from age of 0 - 14: 24.1%
  • Population from age of 15 - 64: 70.8%
  • Population over age of 65: 5.8%
  • Population below 30 years: 65%
  • Population growth rate: 0,97%
  • Population below poverty line: 11.3% (2015 est.)
  • Literacy: 95%
  • Life expectancy: ~74 years
  • Minorities: 54 ethnic groups
  • Ethnic groups: Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3%
     

Economy

  • GDP: ~USD200.4 billion (2015 est.)
  • GDP comparison to the world: 55
  • GDP growth rate: 6.83% (2015 est)
  • GDP per capita: USD5,587 (2015 est)
  • GDP per capita comparison to the world: 141
  • Labour force: ~54 million
  • Unemployment rate: ~2.4%
  • Minimum wage in urban Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City: VND3.1 million / month
  • Currency: Vietnam Dong
  • Inflation rate: 1.67% (2015 est)
  • Inflation comparison to the world: 187
  • Imports: USD146.7 billion (2015 est.)
  • Main imports: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles
  • Exports: USD144.1 billion (2015 est.)
  • Main exports: clothes, shoes, marine products, crude oil, electronics, wooden products, rice, machinery, coffee, pepper, seafood
  • Industrial production growth rate: 9.7%
  • National debt: ~USD106.3 billion (2015 est.)
  • Member of WTO: Since 2007

Government

  • Capital: Hanoi
  • Independence: 2 September 1945
  • Constitution: 28 November 2013
  • Ruling Party: Communist Party of Vietnam
  • Governance: Political Bureau (14 members) Central Committee of the Party (125 members), National Assembly (500 members)
  • Prime Minister: Nguyen Tan Dung (since 27 June 2006) 

Misc.

  • Land line telephones: 9.57 million
  • Mobile/cellular telephones: 128.3 million
  • Comparison to the world: 17
  • Internet country code: .vn
  • Internet users: 39.8 million
  • Paved runway airports: 46
  • Railways: 2,632 km
  • Roadways: 258,200 km
  • Waterways: 47,650 km
  • Ports and terminals: Cam Pha Port, Danang, Hai Phong, Ho Chi Minh City, Phu My, Quy Nhon
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